United States District Court for the District of Colorado
The United States District Court for the District of Colorado (in case citations, D. Colo. or D. Col.) is a federal court in the Tenth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The District was established on June 26, 1876, pending Colorado statehood on August 1, 1876.
As of December 1, 2021[update], the United States Attorney for the District is Cole Finegan.
Organization of the court
The United States District Court for the District of Colorado is the sole federal judicial district in Colorado. Court for the District is held at Colorado Springs, Denver, Durango, and Grand Junction.
As of July 22, 2022[update]:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|24||Chief Judge||Philip A. Brimmer||Denver||1959||2008–present||2019–present||—||G.W. Bush|
|26||District Judge||William J. Martínez||Denver||1954||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|28||District Judge||Raymond P. Moore||Denver||1953||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|29||District Judge||Daniel D. Domenico||Denver||1972||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|30||District Judge||Regina M. Rodriguez||Denver||1963||2021–present||—||—||Biden|
|31||District Judge||Charlotte Sweeney||Denver||1969||2022–present||—||—||Biden|
|32||District Judge||Nina Y. Wang||Denver||1972||2022–present||—||—||Biden|
|12||Senior Judge||John L. Kane Jr.||Denver||1937||1977–1988||—||1988–present||Carter|
|16||Senior Judge||Lewis Thornton Babcock||Denver||1943||1988–2008||2000–2007||2008–present||Reagan|
|21||Senior Judge||Marcia S. Krieger||Denver||1954||2002–2019||2013–2019||2019–present||G.W. Bush|
|22||Senior Judge||Robert E. Blackburn||Denver||1950||2002–2016||—||2016–present||G.W. Bush|
|25||Senior Judge||Christine Arguello||Denver||1955||2008–2022||—||2022–present||G.W. Bush|
|27||Senior Judge||R. Brooke Jackson||Denver||1947||2011–2021||—||2021–present||Obama|
Vacancies and pending nominations
|Seat||Prior judge's duty station||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|7||Denver||William J. Martínez||Senior status||February 10, 2023||Gordon Gallagher||September 6, 2022|
|3||Raymond P. Moore||June 20, 2023||–||–|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|2||Robert E. Lewis||CO||1857–1941||1906–1921||—||—||T. Roosevelt||elevation to 8th Cir.|
|3||John Foster Symes||CO||1878–1951||1922–1950||—||1950–1951||Harding||death|
|4||William Lee Knous||CO||1889–1959||1950–1959||1954–1959||—||Truman||death|
|5||Jean Sala Breitenstein||CO||1900–1986||1954–1957||—||—||Eisenhower||elevation to 10th Cir.|
|6||Alfred Albert Arraj||CO||1906–1992||1957–1976||1959–1976||1976–1992||Eisenhower||death|
|7||Olin Hatfield Chilson||CO||1903–1991||1960–1973||—||1973–1991||Eisenhower||death|
|8||William Edward Doyle||CO||1911–1986||1961–1971||—||—||Kennedy||elevation to 10th Cir.|
|9||Fred M. Winner||CO||1912–2003||1970–1982||1976–1982||1982–1984||Nixon||retirement|
|10||Sherman Glenn Finesilver||CO||1927–2006||1971–1994||1982–1994||1994||Nixon||retirement|
|11||Richard Paul Matsch||CO||1930–2019||1974–2003||1994–2000||2003–2019||Nixon||death|
|14||Zita Leeson Weinshienk||CO||1933–2022||1979–1998||—||1998–2011||Carter||retirement|
|15||John Carbone Porfilio||CO||1934–present||1982–1985||—||—||Reagan||elevation to 10th Cir.|
|17||Edward Nottingham||CO||1948–present||1989–2008||2007–2008||—||G.H.W. Bush||resignation|
|18||Daniel B. Sparr||CO||1931–2006||1990–2001||—||2001–2006||G.H.W. Bush||death|
|19||Wiley Young Daniel||CO||1946–2019||1995–2013||2008–2013||2013–2019||Clinton||death|
|20||Walker David Miller||CO||1939–2013||1996–2008||—||2008–2013||Clinton||death|
|23||Phillip S. Figa||CO||1951–2008||2003–2008||—||—||G.W. Bush||death|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seats
- Courts of Colorado
- List of current United States district judges
- List of United States federal courthouses in Colorado
- ^ http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf/page/courts_district_co.html U.S. District Courts of Colorado, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center
- ^ "Cole Finegan Sworn in as United States Attorney" (Press release). Denver, Colorado: U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Colorado. December 1, 2021. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
- ^ "28 U.S.C. § 85 - U.S. Code Title 28. Judiciary and Judicial Procedure § 85". Findlaw.
- ^ a b "Future Judicial Vacancies". United States Courts.
- United States District Court for the District of Colorado Official Website
- U.S. District Courts of Colorado, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center
- United States Attorney for the District of Colorado Official Website