Comrat

City in Gagauzia, Moldova
Comrat
Komrat
City
MD.GE.Comrat - Catedrala Sf. Ioan Botezătorul - jun 2017.jpg
Lenin statue in Comrat.jpg
Street in Comrat4.jpg
Komrat Devlet Universiteti1.jpg
Дом культуры в Комрате.jpg
Komrat - kaplica zbudowana w miejscu gdzie dawniej znajdowała się cerkiew zburzona w czasach komunizmu.jpg
Центральный парк2.jpg
Flag of Comrat
Flag
Official seal of Comrat
Seal
46°19′N 28°40′E / 46.317°N 28.667°E / 46.317; 28.667Coordinates: 46°19′N 28°40′E / 46.317°N 28.667°E / 46.317; 28.667
Country Moldova
Autonomous Region Gagauzia
Founded1443/1789
Government
 • MayorSergey Anastasov[1]
Area
 • Total164 km2 (63 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[2]
 • Total20,113
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
ClimateCfb
Websitehttp://comrat.md

Comrat (Romanian: Comrat, Romanian pronunciation: [komˈrat]; Gagauz: Komrat, Russian and Bulgarian: Комрат, romanized: Komrat) is a city and municipality[3] in Moldova and the capital of the autonomous region of Gagauzia. It is located in the south of the country, on the Ialpug River. In 2014, Comrat's population was 20,113, of which the vast majority are Gagauzians.[2]

History

The first seal of Comrat (1932—2005)

Comrat was first settled as early as 1443, with other sources claiming it was founded in 1789. Nevertheless, the settlement was sparsely populated until the new russian government issued a decree in 1819 to resettle the region with Bulgarians and other nationalities from across the Danube.[4]

In 1906, the village revolted against the Russian authorities and proclaimed the autonomous (but not independent) Comrat Republic.[5][6]The village received town privileges in 1952.[citation needed]

During the time when the town was part of Moldavian SSR, Comrat's industry was geared toward the production of butter, wine, and rugs, the latter ornated with Moldavian motifs. The Comrat State University was established in 2002.

Population

  • 1989: 25,800 (official census)[7]
  • 1991: 27,500 (estimate)
  • 1996: 27,400 (estimate)
  • 2004: 23,429 (official census)
  • 2006: 22,369 (estimate)
  • 2011: 24,135 (estimate)
  • 2014: 20,113 (official census)[2]

Economy

Comrat is situated in the southern wine zone of Moldova. It is known for production of red wine and muscat. In Comrat and its suburbs there are about 10 wineries.

Food production is very developed in the city. Comrat is a home for food processing factories, alcohol production, and an oil processing plant (the first and only one in Moldova).

There is also such economic agents as a ferro-concrete factory, furniture productions, wood processing, production of plastic windows and doors, cattle butcheries, and transport companies.

Wineries

Comrat Wines - the oldest winery located in the south of Republic of Moldova.[citation needed]

Aur-Vin is a Moldovan wine producer from Comrat. This factory takes part of the Moldovan wine producer Dionis Club.

Notable people

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Comrat is twinned with:

Geography

Climate

Comrat has a humid continental climate (Dfb, bordering on Dfa), characterized by warm summers and cool, drier winters with snow. Winter lows are often below 0 °C (32 °F). In summer, the average maximum temperature is approximately 25 °C (77 °F). The average annual precipitation is relatively low.

Climate data for Comrat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
2.2
(36.0)
7.6
(45.7)
15.8
(60.4)
21.8
(71.2)
25.2
(77.4)
27.1
(80.8)
26.9
(80.4)
22.7
(72.9)
16.0
(60.8)
8.6
(47.5)
3.4
(38.1)
14.8
(58.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.6
(38.5)
10.7
(51.3)
16.4
(61.5)
19.8
(67.6)
21.5
(70.7)
21.1
(70.0)
16.9
(62.4)
10.9
(51.6)
5.0
(41.0)
0.4
(32.7)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−4.1
(24.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.6
(42.1)
11.1
(52.0)
14.5
(58.1)
16.0
(60.8)
15.3
(59.5)
11.2
(52.2)
5.9
(42.6)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.5
(27.5)
5.7
(42.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31
(1.2)
35
(1.4)
30
(1.2)
39
(1.5)
51
(2.0)
71
(2.8)
60
(2.4)
44
(1.7)
44
(1.7)
26
(1.0)
34
(1.3)
35
(1.4)
500
(19.6)
Source: Climate-data.org[9]

Gallery

  • The Executive Committee of Gagauzia

    The Executive Committee of Gagauzia

  • Central Square

    Central Square

  • Central Park

    Central Park

  • House of Culture

    House of Culture

  • Hotel "Altyn Palace"

    Hotel "Altyn Palace"

  • Shopping center "Comrat-City"

    Shopping center "Comrat-City"

References

  1. ^ Açik TV. "Viktor Volkov will perform the duties of the mayor of Comrat Archived 2016-01-03 at the Wayback Machine"
  2. ^ a b c Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014: "Characteristics - Population (population by communes, religion, citizenship)" (XLS). National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
  3. ^ LEGE Nr. 248 din 03.11.2016 pentru modificarea și completarea Legii nr. 764-XV din 27 decembrie 2001 privind organizarea administrativ-teritorială a Republicii Moldova (in Romanian)
  4. ^ http://aboutmoldova.md/ro/view_free.php?id=365 (in Romanian)
  5. ^ "107 лет назад в Буджаке была провозглашена Комратская республика". vfokuse.md (in Russian). 9 January 2013. Archived from the original on 20 August 2017.
  6. ^ "106 лет назад была провозглашена Комратская республика". Gagauzinfo.MD (in Russian). 9 January 2012.
  7. ^ World Gazetteer. "Comrat". Accessed September 22, 2006.
  8. ^ "Примэрия мун. Комрат".
  9. ^ "Climate: Comrat". Climate-data.org.

External links

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